I. GENERAL NORMS
1. Text file format: .doc, .docx, .rtf or .odt.
2. The text should be written in 12-point font.
3. Font type: Times New Roman (black colour).
4. Line spacing: 1.5.
5. The text should be justified.
6. Summary, key words and bibliography should be set below the main text.
7. To ensure integrity of the blind peer-review, every effort should be made to prevent the identities of the authors and reviewers from being known to each other. This involves the authors and reviewers (who upload documents as part of their review) checking to see if the following steps have been taken with regard to the text and the file properties:
⦁ the authors of the document have deleted their names from the text, with "Author" and year used in the references and footnotes instead of the authors' name, article title, etc.;
⦁ with Microsoft Office documents and similar, author identification should also be removed from the properties of the file, e.g. by clicking on File > Save As > Tools (or Options with a Mac) > Security > Remove personal information from file properties on save > Save;
⦁ with PDFs, the authors' names should also be removed from Document Properties found under File on Adobe Acrobat's main menu.
1. Visuals (photos, graphs, maps etc.) should be titled or numbered and attached to the text in separate files (they should be included in the text and additionally attached in separate files). File names should correspond to the titles or numbers of the visuals in the text.
2. File formats:
⦁ bitmaps (photos): .tif, .psd., .eps (.jpg, .gif, .bmp are allowed, but using this formats causes reduction in quality);
⦁ vector drawings: .cdr, .ai, .eps (with attached fonts);
⦁ graphs: .crd, .xlsx (in CorelDraw or Excel).
⦁ photographs: at least 300 dpi, scale 1:1
⦁ drawings: 300 dpi, maximum width 125 mm, maximum height 185 mm
1. Citations in the text should be written in standard font with quotation marks and their source should be pointed in footnotes. A citation within a citation that is in quotation marks should be marked using « » symbols.
2. Citations longer than 2 lines should be separated from the main text and written in a new paragraph in standard font, without quotation marks.
3. Words and phrases introduced into a citation should be marked by square brackets within which information about the author of the introduced words or phrases (e.g. initials of the author of the main text) should be given.
4. Losing a fragment of the quoted text, beginning of the citation from the middle of a sentence or ending the citation before the end of a sentence should be marked by ellipsis in square brackets ([…]).
5. If the author of the main text underscores words or phrases (e.g. using bold type) in the quoted text, it should be noted in the square brackets or in a footnote to the citation (e.g. underscoring is mine – A.A.).
1. Footnotes in the texts should be concise and include only necessary information.
2. Footnotes should be numbered in a continuous order through the whole text.
3. A quoted reference should include: an initial of the author’s first name and a full last name, a title of the quoted work, a place and a year of edition, page number; in case of joint publication: an initial of the editor’s first name and a full last name, a title of the quoted work, a place and a year of edition; in case of a work that is a part of a larger work (joint publication): an initial of the author’s first name and a full last name, a title of his/her work, an initial of the editor’s first name and a full last name, a title of the larger work; in case of an article published in a journal: an initial of the author’s first name and a full last name, a title of the quoted article, a title of the journal marked in quotation marks, a year of edition and a volume number.
4. In case of a website a quoted reference should include: a full website address and an access date in square brackets.
1) A.P. Smyth, Scandinavian kings in the British Isles 850-880, Oxford 1977, p. 15.
2) D. Keating, Cognitive and Brain Development. In R. Lerner and L. Steinberg (eds.), Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, 2nd ed., New York 2004, pp. 45-84.
3) J.E. Marcia, Development and Validation of Ego Identity Status, “Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” 1996, 3, pp. 551–558.
4) http://link.springer.com/search?facet-author=%22Paul+Hoyningen-Huene%22 [access: 24.06.2013].
5. A shortcut ibidem should be used if one reference title is mentioned in two or more consecutive footnotes. If the same author is mentioned twice or more within one footnote a shortcut idem (male form), eadem (female form) or iidem (more than one author) should be used.
1) S. Bagge, The Political Thought of the King's Mirror, Odense 1997, p. 15.
2) Ibidem, p. 21.
3) D.W. Rollason, Saints and Relics in Anglo-Saxon England, Oxford 1989, p. 25, 35; idem, Sources for York History to AD 1100, York 1998, pp. 50-55.
6. If a given work has already been quoted, the reference should include: an initial of the author’s first name and a full last name and a shortcut op. cit. If more than one work of a given author are mentioned, a shortcut of a title should be used (instead of op. cit.).
1) A.P. Smyth, Scandinavian kings in the British Isles 850-880, Oxford 1977, p. 15; S. Bagge, The Political Thought of the King's Mirror, Odense 1997, p. 15; idem, From Viking Stronghold to Christian Kingdom. State Formation in Norway, c. 900-1350, Copenhagen 2010, p. 35; M. Townend, English Place-Names in Skaldic Verse, Nottingham 1998, p. 54.
2) D.W. Rollason, Sources for York History to AD 1100, York 1998, p. 74.
3) A.P. Smyth, op. cit., p. 17.
4) S. Bagge, The Political Thought…, p. 28; M. Townend, op. cit., p. 55.
5) A.P. Smyth, op. cit., p. 17.
7) S. Bagge, The Political Thought…, p. 28; idem, From Viking Stronghold…, p. 19.
1. Bibliography should include all works mentioned in footnotes.
2. Bibliography should be organised in an alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names or titles (in case of joint publication).
3. All websites mentioned in footnotes should be included.
Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items (submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines).
- The text has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
- The text has been saved as .doc, .docx, .rtf or .odt file.
- All information that may reveal the author’s identity have been deleted from the text and submitted files.
- The text is formatted according to the Author Guidelines: line specing 1.5, font 12 points (Times New Roman, black colour).
- An abstract, keywords and a bibliography are set at the end of the article. / A bibliography is set at the end of the review (a bibliography is not needed if there is no secondary literature included in the footnotes).
- The text has been formatted in accordance with the Author Guidelines for preparing references.
- DOI numbers or URLs (if available) have been provided for references.
- Illustrations are set at appropriate places in the text and according to copyright principles. The author pledges to submit the illustrations additionally as separate files (stage 2. “Upload Submission”). / The submitted paper does not include illustrations.